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Matrix Row Operations:(MATRWOP2This program was written primarily for students who are required to learn how to do Gauss and Gauss-Jordan elimination of matrices by hand, but who want to avoid the arithmetic involved in hand solutions.  It is also useful for use in classrooms that primarily use the TI-83Plus for doing matrices.  This program provides a user interface for Gauss/Gauss-Jordan, fairly similar to the TI-83Plus. 
     Note that the Casio program does not have the capability to convert to fractions inside the program as the TI does.  (If you know how to do that, please let me know.)  Decimal answers may be converted to fractions as follows:
1)  Quit the program and go to Menu and click the MAT icon.
2)  Edit Matrix A.  Place the cursor on the entry you want to convert; then press F<->D (This is a button on the calculator).  The fractional equivalent of the decimal will appear near the bottom right of the screen.
    This program uses 443 bytes of memory.  I estimate that an inexperienced programmer can enter it in about 25 minutes.

Gauss & Gauss-Jordan Elimination:(RREFREF2)  This program was written to remove confusion when some students  in a group have Casio calculators and others have TI calculators.  This program gives the Casio CFX-9850 Plus the capability to convert a matrix to  ref (row-echelon form) or  rref (reduced row-echelon form)  using a format similar to the TI-83/83Plus.  This program, REFRREF2,  must have the Casio program ROWREDA activated in order to do rref.  The method of activating the Casio program is explained in the file for the  program REFRREF2.  The student does not participate in this program other than to enter the matrix in position A and select either rref or ref. 
     This program uses 293 bytes of memory.  I estimate that an inexperienced programmer can enter it in 10 to 15 minutes.

Solving Polynomials with Synthetic Division:(CPLYSLV1)  This is a pseudo menu-driven program that has the student enter the zero that they desire to try.  A polynomial with real coefficients may be solved completely with synthetic division, but the option is available to switch to solution of a quadratic when the polynomial has been reduced to second degree.  The quadratic solution will give imaginary roots if appropriate. 
     This program uses 426 bytes of memory.  I estimate it will take an inexperienced programmer about 20 to 25 minutes to enter the coding.

Synthetic Division (One Step): (SYNDIV1) This program only does synthetic division once.  The student enters the trial zero; then the coefficients in list format, i.e., with braces.  The result of the division is displayed with the remainder.  A separate remainder may be displayed by pressing EXE after the solution is displayed.
    This program uses 164 bytes of memory.  An inexperienced programmer should be able to enter this in about 10 minutes.

Simplex Method for  Linear Programming  (Best):  This is a Casio archived program that can be loaded into active memory and used like any other program except that it cannot be edited and the code cannot be read without the password.  This program uses the Simplex method of solving linear programming problems.  The first tableau must be formulated and entered into Matrix A.  It handles standard maximization problems (those with ≤) okay, but some "reformulation" of the matrix must be done before using this program for a minimization program.  On the program sheet,  I've showed an example of how to convert a standard minimization problem before entry, so that the converted tableau can then be solved by this program.  Mixed constraint problems can be handled by adding positive surplus variables and making the inequality negative for the ≥ constraints; then doing row operations to eliminate the resulting negative variables.  More detail on that is beyond the scope of this short instruction.  This program takes about 30 seconds to activate.

 Simplex Method (Second Best):  This program does problems in  standard maximizations, standard minimizations, and mixed inequalities. It is only for those who don't understand how to do the minimization and mixed constraint  problems on the program LINPROG mentioned directly above.  Frankly, I suggest that you spend a few minutes understanding how to use that program.  If you use negative slack variables for in your coursework, you may want to use this program.  This is a front-end add-on to the program LINPROG that is archived in the Casio CFX-9850Plus calculator.  You must activate LINPROG in order to use this program. You can find out how to do that on the program sheet or in the FAQs. This add-on sets up the first feasible tableau for mixed inequalities and standard minimization problems and transfers that matrix to Mat A for LINPROG to obtain the final solution.  To solve either mixed or minimization problems, the appropriate matrix with negative slack variables must be  entered into matrix A.   This program requires 383 bytes of memory.  I estimate about 20 minutes for an inexperienced person to enter the coding.

Simplex Pivoting Method:   I'm working on this to make an interactive program, but my priority is rather low because there doesn't seem to be much demand for interactive programs.  If you would like to see this program completed, send me an e-mail telling me why you need it.

Last Revised: 9/23/04